- OS: MacOS El Capitan
- Platform: Python 2.7.12
- OpenCV 2.4.13
How to run it?
- run it in python
'b'to capture the background model (Remember to move your hand out of the blue rectangle)
'r'to reset the backgroud model
Capture original image
Capture video from camera and pick up a frame.
Capture background model & Background subtraction
Use background subtraction method called Gaussian Mixture-based Background/Foreground Segmentation Algorithm to subtract background.
For more information about the method, check Zivkovic2004
Here I use the OpenCV’s built-in function
BackgroundSubtractorMOG2 to subtract background.
bgModel = cv2.BackgroundSubtractorMOG2(0, bgSubThreshold)
Build a background subtractor model
fgmask = bgModel.apply(frame)
Apply the model to a frame
res = cv2.bitwise_and(frame, frame, mask=fgmask)
Get the foreground(hand) image
Gaussian blur & Threshold
gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
First convert the image to gray scale.
blur = cv2.GaussianBlur(gray, (blurValue, blurValue), 0)
By Gaussian blurring, we create smooth transition from one color to another and reduce the edge content.
ret, thresh = cv2.threshold(blur, threshold, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY)
We use thresholding to create binary images from grayscale images.
Contour & Hull & Convexity
We now need to find out the hand contour from the binary image we created before and detect fingers (or in other words, recognize gestures)
contours, hierarchy = cv2.findContours(thresh1, cv2.RETR_TREE, cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)
This function will find all the contours from the binary image. We need to get the biggest contours (our hand) based on their area since we can assume that our hand will be the biggest contour in this situation. (it’s obvious)
After picking up our hand, we can create its hull and detect the defects by calling :
hull = cv2.convexHull(res) defects = cv2.convexityDefects(res, hull)
Now we have the number of fingers. How to use this information? It’s based on your imagination…
I add in a keyboard simulation package named appscript as interface to control Chrome’s dinosaur game.
References & Tutorials
- OpenCV documentation: http://docs.opencv.org/2.4.13/
- Opencv python hand gesture recognition: http://creat-tabu.blogspot.com/2013/08/opencv-python-hand-gesture-recognition.html
- Mahaveerverma’s hand gesture recognition project: hand-gesture-recognition-opencv